IELTS Speaking Topic Environment: Từ vựng & Bài mẫu Part 1, 2, 3

environment ielts speaking

Là một trong những chủ đề mang tính “thời sự” trong bối cảnh toàn cầu hóa và công nghiệp hóa hiện nay, không có gì ngạc nhiên khi Môi trường (Environment) luôn nằm trong danh sách những topic IELTS Speaking thường gặp. Trong bài viết hôm nay, WESET sẽ chia sẻ với bạn đọc một số bài mẫu Part 1, 2,3 – kèm theo gợi ý từ vựng và cấu trúc cần ôn tập – để giúp bạn đọc sẵn sàng hơn khi làm bài chủ đề này.

IELTS speaking Environment – Sample questions and answers

Part 1

1. Do you think pollution is a problem today?


Yes, I think pollution is a problem today. It’s one of the most pressing issues facing our planet.


2. Have you ever done anything to help the environment?


I try to do my part in protecting the environment. For example, I recycle as much as possible and I avoid using single-use plastics. Moreover, I try to spread awareness about environmental issues among my friends and family.


3. Do you think people are becoming more or less concerned about the environment these days?


I think people are becoming more concerned about the environment these days. With the media coverage of climate change and other environmental issues, I think people are starting to realize the importance of taking care of our planet.


4. What do you think is the most important thing we can do to protect the environment?


I think the most important thing we can do to protect the environment is to raise awareness about environmental issues. Once people are aware of the problems, they can start to make changes in their own lives to help make a difference.

Part 2 – Cue card

Q: Describe an environmental problem in your hometown. You should say:

– What type of problem it is

– Why it had happened

– How the problem can be controlled



I have been living in Ho Chi Minh City for almost 20 years – during which I had the chance to experience some major environmental issues here. Due to the increasing number of tourists and immigrants from other provinces, the city’s environment has been polluted significantly. One notable problem is littering – countless people dump their waste at improper locations, such as on the road, at bus stops, and in rivers.


I believe that overpopulation is the main reason for this problem. This is the result of a combination of factors – including increased birth rates, healthcare advances, improved living standards, and immigration. Aside from that, lack of education is also a contributing cause. Because people are not fully aware of the impact of littering on nature, they just keep doing it as a habit.


In order to put an end to this issue, I would recommend that the local authorities heavily fine those who are caught throwing rubbish at improper places. This will deter them from discharging unlawful waste in the future. Another solution is that the government should run some media campaigns to raise people’s awareness of how important it is to protect nature and the environment. For example, displaying advertisements that showcase the danger of global warming on TV may significantly impact viewer’s attitudes towards environmental protection.

Part 3

1. Is there much more environmental damage now than in the past?


Yes, there is definitely more environmental damage now than in the past. With the industrialization of society and the increase in global trade, there has been a lot more pollution and waste produced. This has had a negative impact on the environment, causing problems like climate change, deforestation, and water shortages.


2. What can people do to help reduce pollution?


There are many things people can do to help reduce pollution. One way is by conserving energy. This can be done by using public transportation or carpooling instead of driving alone, turning off lights when they’re not needed, and unplugging electronics when they’re not in use. Another way to reduce pollution is by reducing, reusing, and recycling. This means avoiding products with a lot of packaging, using reusable bags instead of plastic bags, and recycling items instead of throwing them away.


3. Do you think it is the responsibility of individuals or governments to protect the environment?


I think that it is the responsibility of both individuals and governments to protect the environment. On an individual level, people can do things like conserving energy, reducing consumption, and recycling. Meanwhile, governments can help by passing laws to reduce pollution and investing in renewable energy sources. Together, I think we can make a difference in protecting our planet!

Từ vựng IELTS chủ đề Environment


  • Environmental pollution: ô nhiễm môi trường.
  • Littering: xả rác.
  • Overpopulation: bùng nổ dân số.
  • To put an end to (something): ngăn chặn/ đặt dấu chấm hết cho (một vấn đề).
  • To raise awareness (about something): nâng cao nhận thức về (một chủ đề).
  • Global warming: Trái Đất nóng lên.
  • Deforestation: phá rừng.
  • Water shortages: khan hiếm nước.
  • To conserve energy: tiết kiệm năng lượng.
  • To reduce consumption: giảm tiêu thụ.
  • To recycle: tái chế.
  • Renewable energy: năng lượng tái tạo.
  • To make a difference: mang lại sự khác biệt/ tác động tích cực.

Lời kết


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